Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. green peas, green beans)—these are classified as vegetable crops. 5. Thus, they are usually rotated with other crops to maintain fertility of the soil. Q.1 (iii):- Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? You probably already eat more pulses than you realize! Name the four fibre crops grown in India. This excludes green beans and green peas, which are considered vegetable crops. Cash crops are those crops which are grown for sale either in raw form or semi processed form. Pulses are the edible seeds of leguminous plants cultivated for food. Major pulse producing states in India are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Karnataka. They are packed with nutrients and have a high protein content, making them an ideal source of protein particularly in regions where meat and dairy are not physically or economically accessible. Dried beans , lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses . Pulses are essential crops for a number of reasons. Pulses have also been shown to help combat obesity. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. Greenhouse gases are released during the manufacturing and application of these fertilizers, and their overuse can be detrimental to the environment. Though pulses are grown in both Kharif and Rabi seasons, Rabi pulses contribute more than 60 per cent of the total production. Being leguminous, they Pulses are a leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Science. soybean and groundnuts) and leguminous crops that are used exclusively for sowing purposes (e.g. Urad, moong, masur, peas, gram and tur (arhar) are the major pulses grown in India. By using pulses for intercropping and cover crops, farmers can also promote farm biodiversity and soil biodiversity, while keeping harmful pests and diseases at bay. Like many leguminous crops, pulses play a key role in crop rotation due to their ability to fix nitrogen. (a) Pulses are grown in both rabi and kharif season (b) Pulses are leguminous crops (c) They are grown in rotation with other crops (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities which are classified as vegetable crops. In northern India, Khesari and Masoor are raised as Rabi crops in northern India. However, pulses fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil naturally, and in some cases free soil-bound phosphorous, thus significantly decreasing the need for synthetic fertilizers. Some examples of pulses include beans, peas, cowpea, dry beans like pinto beans, kidney beans, navy beans, dry peas, lentils, lupins, and peanuts, Mung bean, golden gram, green gram. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum Answer:- (a) Pulses. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop but pulse term refers to dried seed. These little nutrition nuggets play a huge role in healthy diets in countries all over the world. Major of them are as follows: Gram is the most dominant pulse having a share of around 40 per cent in the total productio… While both soybean and peanut are leguminous plants they are not regarded as pulses as they are traditionally seen to be oilseed crops (for information on … Which crop is known as the ‘golden fibre’? Which one of the following is not true for pulses? Answer. Pulses are leguminous crops. Dried beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Like many leguminous crops, pulses play a key role in crop rotation due to their ability to fix nitrogen. Pulses is a general term that covers many crops like Beans, Peas, Lupins, Vetches and Soybean. India is the largest producer (25% of global production), consumer (27% of world consumption) and importer (14%) of pulses in the world. Compare the geographical conditions, required of the two major cereal crops in India, rice and wheat. However, protein quality is inferior compared to meat because methionine content is generally insufficient. Also known as “pulses” these crops are nutritional powerhouses packed with protein, fiber, and other essential nutrients. Other pulses like Tur, Urad and Moong are grown as Kharif crops almost in every part of the country. Being leguminous crops, all these crops except arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing nitrogen from the air. COMMERCIAL/CASH CROPS. Chick peas, cowpeas, black-eyed peas and pigeon peas are also pulses, as are all varieties of lentils. Pulses are the edible seeds of leguminous plants cultivated for food. Furthermore, the nitrogen-fixing properties of pulses improve soil fertility, which increases and extends the productivity of the farmland. These seeds are harvested mature and marketed dry to be used as food or feed or processed into various products. Pulses are leguminous crops found in almost all crop growing regions, globally. Like Us on Facebook Connect on LinkedIn Home; About; NCERT Solution. Pulses can contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing dependence on the synthetic fertilizers used to introduce nitrogen artificially into the soil. Why are they grown in rotation with other crops? Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English; Hindi; Class 10. An important constituent of our dietary habit, Pulses are leguminous crops and an important source of protein, fibres, vitamins, starch, and minerals. Which one of them is not obtained directly from the crops ? They are used for both food and feed. The term pulse, as used by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), is reserved for legume crops harvested solely for the dry seed. Which one of the following is not true for pulses? Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops? Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. In these plants the seeds are found inside pods and the root nodules have the capacity of nitrogen fixation in the soil. Explain any two geographical conditions required for the cultivation of pulses. Pulses are versatile in all kinds of recipes. Biology; Economic; Study Material; Ask Question . Having the option to eat and sell the pulses they grow helps farmers maintain household food security and creates economic stability. Class 9. For farmers, pulses are an important crop because they can be both sold and consumed by the farmers and their families. As pulses are leguminous crops, and all of these except tur or arhar help in restoring soil fertility by fixing and using nitrogen from the air in the soil. Dry Beans Lentils Faba Beans Dry Peas Chickpeas Cowpeas Bambara Beans Pigeon Peas Lupins Vetches Black … seeds of clover and alfalfa). Hundreds of different varieties of pulses are grown around the globe. Growing pulses also promotes sustainable agriculture, as pulse crops help decrease greenhouse gases, increase soil health, and use less water than other crops. 3 ) Bean =Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for human food or animal feed. The low yields of legume crops and the shortage of pulses as indicated by increasing prices have emphasized a greater need for research and as a result the "All-India Coordinated Projects" for the improvement of grain legumes and oilseeds (including groundnut) were established in the late 1960s. Pulses are leguminous crops that are high in protein content. Ans- leguminous plants are those plants that help to restore the fertility of the soil as their small nodes absorb nitrogen from the air and fix it into the soil. What is unique to them is their property of fixing atmospheric nitrogen in their root nodules thereby, making the soil rich in nutrients. Popular pulses include all varieties of dried beans, such as kidney beans, lima beans, butter beans and broad beans. The term 'pulse' is derived from the Latin pulse meaning 'seed or grain can be made into a thick soup or pottage'. the fix their own Nitrogen from the atmosphere (similar to clover). Pulse flour is obtained from dried, milled pulses which are then further refined to be used in various applications. Name the major pulses grown in India and the states leading in their production. FAO recognizes 11 primary pulses. Cereals have high levels of carbohydrates, whereas pulses are rich in proteins, nutrients, vitamins, and amino acids, though have lower contents of carbohydrates. Answer: (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities Pulses need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions. Pulses grow in pods and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and colours. Examples of leguminous Green Manures are as follows: Local name- Cowpea, Cluster bean (Guar), Green gram (Mung bean), Sesbania, Dhaincha, Sunhemp, Wild Indigo, Pillipesara, Berseem, Madras Indigo etc. Common Pulses Pulses are the dried seeds of the legume plants. Some pulses you may know and love: Lentils (a great addition to a smoothie) Beans . Also excluded are those crops used mainly for oil extraction (e.g. The main pulses grown in India include chickpea or Bengal gram, pigeon pea or red gram or arhar, lentil (masur in Hindi), urdbean or black gram, mungbean or green gram, moth bean, horse gram, pea, grass … MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Pulses are a leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. PULSES are annual leguminous crops yielding from one to 12 grains or seeds of variable size, shape and colour within a pod. Science; Social Science; Mathematics; English ; Hindi; Class 11. In which country the ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Roca’? These crops are leguminous and they fix atmospheric nitrogen in the soil. Dried beans, lentils and peas are most commonly known and consumed. (a) Pulses are grown in both rabi and kharif season (b) Pulses are leguminous crops (c) They are grown in rotation with other crops (d) Pulses require intensive irrigation facilities. In general, pulses are characterised by long vegetative period, photo and thermo sensitivity, indeterminancy and low yield. The seeds are utilized in the mature, dry form as food or feed or processed into various products. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) defines “pulses” as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve grains or seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod. Global Pulse Flours Market is valued approximately USD 13.79 billion in 2018 and is anticipated to grow with a healthy growth rate of more than 5.30% over the forecast period 2019-2026. Dried beans, chickpeas, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Legume Seed Crops or Pulses- leguminous plants which produce edible, protein-rich seeds. green peas, green beans)—these are classified as vegetable crops. Pulses account for around 20 per cent of the area under foodgrains and contribute around 7-10 per cent of the total foodgrains production in the country. It is about 40cm tall and the seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each. Staples dishes and cuisines from across the world feature pulses, from hummus in the Mediterranean (chick peas), to a traditional full English breakfast (baked navy beans) to Indian dal (peas or lentils). Differentiate between the kharif and rabi crops. So, pulses are a terrific crop to grow, and eat! Dried beans, lentils and peas are the most commonly known and consumed types of pulses. Why are some pulses known as leguminous crops ? Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. Dried beans, lentils and peas are most commonly known and consumed. Pulses are leguminous crops that constitute an essential part of Indian diet because nearly 43% of all Indians are vegetarian (urban-48% rural-41%) and pulses are important protein source. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses are low in fat and rich in soluble fibre, which can lower cholesterol and help in the control of blood sugar. Such crops are also classified as legumes – i.e. In pulse crops, often it has been observed that they produce less amount of dry matter compared to other crops in the same duration. green peas, green beans )—these are classified as vegetable crops . Therefore, pulses are grown in rotation with other crops. Pulses are a type of leguminous crop that are harvested solely for the dry seed. Grain legumes, also called pulses, are plants belonging to the family Leguminosae (alternatively Fabaceae) which are grown primarily for their edible seeds. Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. They do not include crops that are harvested green—think green peas or green beans—or crops used mainly for oil extraction—such as soybean and groundnuts—or leguminous crops that are used exclusively for sowing purposes as is the case of … The term "pulses" is limited to crops harvested solely for dry grain, thereby excludingcrops harvested green for food (green peas, green beans, etc.) Pulses do not include crops which are harvested green (e.g. The lentil (Lens culinaris) is a bushy annual plant of the legume family, grown for its lens-shaped seeds. Pulses are the leguminous crop, that is harvested as the dry seed in a pod. 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